Google on Grace Hooper 107th Birthday(December 9) created the Doodle

December 09, 2013 0 Comments A + a -



Grace Hopper (born December 9, 1906) was an American computer scientist and United States Navy Rear Admiral. A pioneer in the field, she was one of the first programmers of the Harvard Mark I computer, and developed the first compiler for a computer programming language. She conceptualized the idea of machine-independent programming languages, which led to the development of COBOL, one of the first modern programming languages. She is credited with popularizing the term “debugging” for fixing computer glitches (inspired by an actual mothremoved from the computer). Owing to the breadth of her accomplishments and her naval rank, she is sometimes referred to as “Amazing Grace”. The U.S. Navy destroyer USS Hopper (DDG-70) is named for her, as was the Cray XE6 ”Hopper” supercomputer at NERSC and also a study room at Chalmers University of Technology.

Career

World War II


In 1943 during World War II, Grace Hopper obtained a leave of absence from Vassar and was sworn into the United States Navy Reserve, one of many women to volunteer to serve in the WAVES. She had to get an exemption to enlist; she was 15 pounds (6.8 kg) below the Navy minimum weight of 120 pounds (54 kg). She reported in December and trained at the Naval Reserve Midshipmen’s School at Smith College inNorthampton, Massachusetts. Hopper graduated first in her class in 1944, and was assigned to the Bureau of Ships Computation Project at Harvard University as a lieutenant, junior grade. She served on theMark I computer programming staff headed by Howard H. Aiken. Grace Hopper and Aiken coauthored three papers on the Mark I, also known as the Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator. Hopper’s request to transfer to the regular Navy at the end of the war was declined due to her age (38). She continued to serve in the Navy Reserve. Hopper remained at the Harvard Computation Lab until 1949, turning down a full professorship at Vassar in favor of working as a research fellow under a Navy contract at Harvard.

UNIVAC

In 1949, Grace Hopper became an employee of the Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corporation as a senior mathematician and joined the team developing the UNIVAC I. In the early 1950s the company was taken over by the Remington Rand corporation and it was while she was working for them that her original compiler work was done. The compiler was known as the A compiler and its first version was A-0.

In 1952 she had an operational compiler. “Nobody believed that,” she said. “I had a running compiler and nobody would touch it. They told me computers could only do arithmetic.”

In 1954 Hopper was named the company’s first director of automatic programming, and her department released some of the first compiler-based programming languages, including MATH-MATIC and FLOW-MATIC.

COBOL


In the spring of 1959 a two-day conference known as the Conference on Data Systems Languages CODASYL brought together computer experts from industry and government. Hopper served as the technical consultant to the committee, and many of her former employees served on the short-term committee that defined the new language COBOL. The new language extended Hopper’s FLOW-MATIC language with some ideas from the IBM equivalent, COMTRAN. Hopper’s belief that programs should be written in a language that was close to English rather than in machine code or languages close to machine code (such as assembly language) was captured in the new business language, and COBOL would go on to be the most ubiquitous business language to date.

From 1967 to 1977, Grace Hopper served as the director of the Navy Programming Languages Group in the Navy’s Office of Information Systems Planning and was promoted to the rank of captain in 1973. She developed validation software for COBOL and its compiler as part of a COBOL standardization program for the entire Navy.

Standards


In the 1970s, Hopper advocated for the Defense Department to replace large, centralized systems with networks of small, distributed computers. Any user on any computer node could access common databases located on the network. She pioneered the implementation of standards for testing computer systems and components, most significantly for early programming languages such as FORTRAN and COBOL. The Navy tests for conformance to these standards led to significant convergence among the programming language dialects of the major computer vendors. In the 1980s, these tests (and their official administration) were assumed by the National Bureau of Standards (NBS), known today as the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST).

Retirement


Hopper retired from the Naval Reserve at age 60, in accordance with Navy attrition regulations, with the rank of commander at the end of 1966. She was recalled to active duty in August 1967 for a six-month period that turned into an indefinite assignment. She again retired in 1971, but was asked to return to active duty again in 1972. She was promoted to captain in 1973 by Admiral Elmo R. Zumwalt, Jr.

After Rep. Philip Crane saw her on a March 1983 segment of 60 Minutes, he championed H.J.Res. 341, a joint resolution in the House of Representatives which led to her promotion to commodore by special Presidential appointment. She remained on active duty for several years beyond mandatory retirement by special approval of Congress. In 1985, the rank of commodore was renamedrear admiral, lower half. She retired (involuntarily) from the Navy on August 14, 1986. At a celebration held in Boston on the USS Constitution to celebrate her retirement, Hopper was awarded the Defense Distinguished Service Medal, the highest non-combat decoration awarded by the Department of Defense. At the time of her retirement, she was the oldest active-duty commissioned officer in the United States Navy (79 years, eight months and five days), and aboard the oldest commissioned ship in the United States Navy (188 years, nine months and 23 days). (Admirals William D. Leahy, Chester W. Nimitz,Hyman G. Rickover and Charles Stewart (1778–1869) were the only other officers in the Navy’s history to serve on active duty at a higher age. Leahy and Nimitz served on active duty for life due to their promotions to the rank of Fleet Admiral.)

She was then hired as a senior consultant to Digital Equipment Corporation, a position she retained until her death in 1992, aged 85.

Her primary activity in this capacity was as a goodwill ambassador, lecturing widely on the early days of computers, her career, and on efforts that computer vendors could take to make life easier for their users. She visited a large fraction of Digital’s engineering facilities, where she generally received a standing ovation at the conclusion of her remarks. During many of her lectures, she illustrated a nanosecond using salvaged obsolete Bell System 25 pair telephone cable, cut it to 11.8 inch (30 cm) lengths, the distance that light travels in one nanosecond, and handed out the individual wires to her listeners. Although no longer a serving officer, she always wore her Navy full dress uniform to these lectures.

The most important thing I’ve accomplished, other than building the compiler, is training young people. They come to me, you know, and say, “Do you think we can do this?” I say, “Try it.” And I back ‘em up. They need that. I keep track of them as they get older and I stir ‘em up at intervals so they don’t forget to take chances.”

She was interred with full military honors in Arlington National Cemetery.

Awards and recognition

   
    1971: The annual Grace Murray Hopper Award for Outstanding Young Computer Professionals was established in 1971 by the Association for Computing Machinery.
    1973: She became the first person from the United States and the first woman of any nationality to be made a Distinguished Fellow of the British Computer Society.
    1982: She received the American Association of University Women Achievement Award.
    1986: Upon her retirement, she received the Defense Distinguished Service Medal.
    1987: She became a Computer History Museum Fellow Award Recipient.
    1988: She received the Golden Gavel Award at the Toastmasters International convention in Washington, DC.
    1991: She received the National Medal of Technology.
    1996: USS Hopper (DDG-70) was launched. Nicknamed Amazing Grace, it is on a very short list of U.S. military vessels named after women.
    2001: Eavan Boland wrote a poem dedicated to Grace Hopper titled “Code” in her 2001 release Against Love Poetry.
    2009: The Department of Energy’s National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center named its flagship system “Hopper”.
1969: Hopper was awarded the inaugural “computer sciences man of the year” award from the Data Processing Management Association.

Grace Hopper Celebration of Women in Computing India

List of Job Sites in INDIA

December 08, 2013 17 Comments A + a -

Are you searching for jobs in India? Here is a list of job sites where you can register yourself and be linked to various companies situated in India.

We had not arranged based on any criteria. Its a simple list.
  1.  Naukri
  2. Times Jobs
  3. Monster India
  4. AMCAT
  5. Recruit.net
  6. Career Jet
  7. Rediff Job Search
  8. Bixee
  9. Career Khazana
  10. Indian Job Site
  11. Placement India
  12. Jobs Bazaar India
  13. Jobs Bank
  14. Bharat Careers
  15. Jobs DB India
  16. Career Age
  17. Freshers World
  18. Career India
  19. Accessenterprises
  20. Career1000
  21. Alltimejobs.com
  22. Career Mosaic India
  23. Fresher world
  24. Freshers live
        TIPS for students currently pursuing third and final year

Actor Paul Walker dies in Car accident in Santa Clarita, Calif

December 01, 2013 0 Comments A + a -

Actor Paul Walker, best known for his role as Brian O'Conner in the popular "Fast & Furious" movies, died after a car accident in Southern California Saturday. He was 40 years old.
A representative for the actor confirmed his death in an e-mail to Fox News Saturday evening.
The Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department said that two people were killed in the accident, which took place at approximately 3:30 p.m. local time in Santa Clarita, Calif. A statement on the accident
from the department said that deputies found the car engulfed in flames when they arrived at the scene. 


Both victims were pronounced dead at the scene. The second victim has not been identified.
A statement on the actor's official Facebook page said that Walker was a passenger in the car, and had been at a charity event for his organization, Reach Out Worldwide earlier in the day.
"We appreciate your patience as we too are stunned and saddened beyond belief by this news," the statement read in part. "Thank you for keeping his family and friends in your prayers during this very difficult time. We will do our best to keep you apprised on where to send condolences."
Walker, a Southern California native, began acting at a young age when he appeared in commercials, and his television credits include appearances on "The Young and the Restless" and "Who's The Boss?"
But it was his turns opposite Vin Diesel in "The Fast and the Furious" films that made Walker a movie star. Walker reprised his role as Brian O'Connor in four of the five sequels made of the 2001 hit. According to the Internet Movie Database, Walker was due to appear in "Fast & Furious 7," due out next year. He was also due to appear in the film "Hours," due out December 13.


Universal Pictures, the studio behind the "Fast & Furious" films, released the following statement Saturday evening: "All of us at Universal are heartbroken. Paul was truly one of the most beloved and respected members of our studio family for 14 years, and this loss is devastating to us, to everyone involved with the FAST AND FURIOUS films, and to countless fans. We send our deepest and most sincere condolences to Paul's family."
Walker is survived by his daughter, Meadow.




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Fire & Rescue Services

October 30, 2013 0 Comments A + a -

During Diwali festival and other emergency situations, we need this forces to help us when we are need to be rescued. Here is a list of phone numbers collect from Fire &Rescue Services site. It is done for the easy use of accessing the content.


SL. NO
STATE
OFFICE
FAX
1
ANDHRA
040-23442955
23260081

PRADESH
23442944



040-23442949

2
ARUNACHAL
0360-2212741-TF


PRADESH


3
ASSAM
0361-2511329
2549328
4
BIHAR
0612-2222676
2221191-


9431012952
TF
5
CHHATISGARH
0771-2331201
2331203
6
GOA
0832-2227616,
2226100


2225500

7
GUJARAT
079-22148466
22148598
8
HARYANA
0172-2740145
2740922
9
HIMACHAL
0177-2811453
2811360

PRADESH


10
JAMMU &
0194-2452066
2452068-

KASHMIR

TF
11
JHARKHAND
0651-2281515
2283784
12
KERALA
0471-2320868-TF

13
MADHYA
0755-2443662
2443663

PRADESH


14
MAHARASTRA
022-26871144,
26870325


26871605

15
MANIPUR
0385-2451544

16
MEGHALAYA
0364-2220001
2227050


0364-2227000
EXT 507
17
MIZORAM
0389-2341203



9436140783

18
NAGALAND
0370-2221817
2244810
19
ORRISSA
0671-2300317
2300201-



TF
20
PUNJAB
0172-27282441
2701298


9878863426

21
RAJASTHAN
0141-2605525



0141-2204475

22
SIKKIM
03592-202748



203732

23
TAMIL NADU
044-28554156-TF

24
TRIPURA
0381-2224826
23244970


2226451

25
UTTRANCHAL
0135-2733662
-
26
UTTAR
0522-2287236
-

PRADESH


27
WEST BENGAL
033-22521165
22522223
28
A & N ISLAND
03192-232101
232697
29
CHANDIGARH
0172-5021409
-


2702333

30
DAMAN & DIU
0260-2642707
2630707
31
NEW DELHI
011-23414000
23412222-



CR
32
LAKSHADWEEP
04896-262258
262624
33
PONDICHERRY
0413-2334036-TF
-




Disclaimer: RamDynamo.com is not responsible for any changes or service out of reach. The respective departments has rights over these numbers.

GOA Fire &Rescue Services Contact Number List

October 30, 2013 0 Comments A + a -

During Diwali festival and other emergency situations , we need this forces to help us when we are need to be rescued. Here is a list of phone numbers collect from Goa Fire &Rescue Services site. It is done for the easy use of accessing the content.

Designation
Office Tel/ Mobile No.
Fax No
E-mail Address
Director
2227616
2225500
2423101
2425101/ 9763717044
2226100
dir-fire.goa@nic.in
Deputy Director (Admn.)
2225500
2425101
2423101
2422958
adm-fire.goa@nic.in
Asstt. Accounts Officer
2225500
2425101
2423101
2422958
acct-fire.goa@nic.in
Asst. Divisional Officer,  District Fire Station Margao
2714600
2715825/101 /9763717052
2714600
dfsm-fire.goa@nic.in
Asstt. Divisional Officer District Fire Station Panaji
2225500
2425101
2423101/ 9763717051
2422958
adodfsp-fire.goa@nic.in
Asst. Divisional Officer,  Central Fire Station Ponda
2312044
2315863/101 /9763717046
2312044
adodfsm-fire.goa@nic.in
Sr. Station Fire Officer, Officer-in-Charge Mapusa Fire Station
2262900
2263354/101/ 9763717049
2262900
map-fire.goa@nic.in
Station Fire Officer
(Fire Prevention, Stores & Communication )
2225500
2425101
2423101/ 9763717053
2422958
fp-fire.goa@nic.in
cnt-fire.goa@nic.in
str-fire.goa@nic.in
Station Fire Officer/ Officer- in-charge Panaji Fire Station/
2225500
2425101
2423101 /9763717059
2422958
pnj-fire.goa@nic.in
Station Fire Officer,
Officer-in-charge,
Fire Station Pernem
2201201/
2201393/101/ 9763717055
2201201
per-fire.goa@nic.in
Station Fire Officer
Officer-in-charge,
Fire Station Vasco.
2513840
2519068/101/ 9763717056
2513840
vas-fire.goa@nic.in
Station Fire Officer
Officer-in-charge,
Fire Station Margao
2714600
2715825/101 / 8308846747
2714600
dfsm-fire.goa@nic.in
Station Fire Officer
Officer-in-charge,
Fire Station Curchorem
2650307
2605345/101/8308846750
2650307
cur-fire.goa@nic.in
Station Fire Officer,
Officer-in-charge,
Fire Station Canacona
2633500
2633311/101/ 8308846751
2633311
can-fire.goa@nic.in
Station Fire Officer
Officer-in-charge,
Fire Station Verna
2887721/101/ 9763717060
2887085
vrn-fire.goa@nic.in
Station Fire Officer
Officer-in-charge,
Fire Station Ponda
2312044
2315863/101/ 8308846749
2312044
cfsp-fire.goa@nic.in
Station Fire Officer
Officer-in-charge,
Fire Station Valpoi
2374444/101 /  9763717062
2374444
vap-fire.goa@nic.in
Station Fire Officer
Officer-in-charge,
Fire Station Bicholim
2362100
2361397/101/ 9763717047
2362100
bic-fire.goa@nic.in
Station Fire Officer
Officer-in-charge,
Fire Station Old Goa
2285344 / 8308846739
2285344
olg-fire.goa@nic.in
Station Fire  Officer
Officer-in-charge,
Fire Station Pilerne
2407100 / 2407101 / 8308846744
2407101
--
Station Fire Officer
Fire Station Kundaim
2395455/ 8308846743
2395455
kfs-fire.goa@nic.in
Station Fire Officer
Officer-in-charge,
Fire Force Headquarters,  M.T Section
2225500
2425101
2423101/ 9763717054
2422958
hq-fire.goa@nic.in
Station Fire Officer, Training & Yard
2225500
2425101
2423101/ 9763717057
2422958
trg-fire.goa@nic.in



Official site: www.goadfes.gov.in
Disclaimer: RamDynamo.com is not responsible for any changes or service out of reach. The respective departments has rights over these numbers.